Bảng chú giải thành phần – Mỹ phẩm trang điểm

Thành phần
(INCI & tên thông dụng)
Chức năng chính trong sản phẩm
Ascorbyl palmitate
 A fat soluble ester of Vitamin C
Stored in the cell membranes until it is required by the body
Vitamin C assists the skin to manufacture collagen, a protein that forms the basis of connective tissue
A effective and natural antioxidant (free radical fighter) that prevents make-up colour change as well as promoting a healthy skin
Bismuth oxychloride
CI 77163
Bismuth is a by-product of lead and copper refining
A mineral used for its refractive properties
It also helps the make-up to stick on the skin
Butyrospermum parkii
Shea butter    
Derived from the fruit of the karate tree
Emollient which is deeply moisturising, softening and nourishing
Leaves a protecting film on the skin
C10-C18 Triglycerides Derived from palm oil
An ester of the hydrogenated palm oil and glycerin that helps the consistency of pencils
Hydrogenated oils are produced by adding hydrogen gas under high pressure to liquid oils so they will be semisolid at room temperature
Calendula officinalis oil
Calendula oil
Extracted from the calendula flowers
Excellent for soothing and calming the skin
Anti-inflammatory properties
Healing & soothing
Caprylic / capric triglyceride
A fatty mixture of glycerides derived from coconut
Used as an emollient and emulsifier
Enhances smooth product application
(Also found in human blood plasma)
Carmine  CI 75470 A natural red colourant used in some lip colours
Produced from wood pulp
Used as a thickener
Extraction is via a hydrolysis (water) process
Harvested from sustainable forest sources
Cera alba
Harvested from bee hives
Used as a thickener, emulsifier and stiffening agent in balms and creams
Cetearyl wheatstraw glycosides (&) Cetearyl alcohol

Wheatstraw extract
Extracted from the wheatstraw after the seed heads have been removed
Extremely nourishing and skin protecting
An emulsifying agent for oil-in-water emulsions
This is a wax product and is not a grain distilled alcohol
Gluten free
Cetyl alcohol
Derived from coconut oil
Fatty alcohol used as an emollient, emulsifier, thickening and carrying agent
Note:  this is NOT a grain distilled alcohol

Citrus grandis oil

Grapefruit oil
Expressed from the grapefruit
Helpful in treating acne, congested and oily skin

Citrus grandis seed extract

Grapefruit seed extract
Extracted from the seeds of the grapefruit
Has strong antibacterial and antioxidant properties
Coccinia Indica
Plant extract with bioactive & therapeutic function
Red mineral colourant from herbal extract
Copernicia cerifera wax
Carnauba wax
A wax that is derived from the leaves of the carnauba palm
A waxy emollient that protects and nourishes the skin
Daucus carota extract
Carrot extract
Extracted from the carrot root
Good for skin tone
Emollient that is rejuvenating and nourishing
Source of Beta-carotene and Vitamin A
Euphorbia cerifera wax
Candelilla wax
Extracted from the leaves and stems of the small candelilla shrub
Used as a thickening and binding agent
Ferric Ferrocyanide
Natural Earth Mineral
A natural iron-based colorant to add blue / green / yellow colours.
As with most mineral pigments, the actual molecule sizes are quite large, so are not able to penetrate into the actual skin, but sit on-top of the skin, offering colouring, until it is manually removed at the end of the day
Natural mineral derived from the earth.
Vegetable Glycerin
Derived from natural vegetable sources
Excellent humectant & emollient properties
Helps to hydrate, soften and soothe the skin
Assists the outer epidermis in retaining moisture
Glyceryl behenate
A natural soft plant wax pigment
Skin conditioning agent
COSMOS & Ecocert certified
Glyceryl caprylate
A solubilising agent
Moisturising properties
Strong antimicrobial activity
Glycine soja oil
Soybean oil
Excellent skin benefits with a high content of essential fatty acids
Used as an emollient and skin conditioner
Expressed from soy beans
Hydrated silicaA ground up mineral found in nature as opal, a gemstone
Hydrogenated vegetable oil
Derived from natural vegetable oils
Helps the consistency of pencils
Hydrogenated oils are produced by adding hydrogen gas under high pressure to liquid oils so they will be semisolid at room temperature
Iron Oxides
CI 77491, CI 77492, CI 77499
Derived naturally from hematite
A naturally occurring compound of iron and oxygen found in a range of colours from black to yellow
Gives colour to the make-up
Jojoba esters
Derived from the esterfication (natural process) of jojoba oil
A wax ester that leaves a protecting film on the skin
An emollient that helps with the smooth consistency of the cream
An ester is a molecule of a fatty acid and a fatty alcohol combined
Halloysite clay
Used as a thickening agent and to assist adhesion to the eye-lashes
A pure white clay from Matauri Bay, New Zealand
Lavandula angustifolia oil
Lavender oil
A soothing and balancing essential oil
Distilled from the flowers and leaves of the lavender plant
Leptospermum scoparium  oil
Manuka oil
Distilled from manuka tree leaves and flowers Used for its skin toning and anti-microbial properties
A concentrated essential oil with strong anti-septic properties
Limnanthes alba seed oil
Meadowfoam seed oil
Extracted from meadowfoam flowers
A very stable moisturising and rejuvenating oil
Contains unique fatty aids of benefit to the skin
Macadamia ternifolia seed oil
Macadamia seed oil
Extracted from macadamia nuts
Has a fine texture that absorbs readily into the skin to nourish and protect
Magnesium stearate
Naturally occurring in vegetable fatty acids Magnesium salt (a naturally occurring white alkaline powder) consisting mainly of stearic acid and palmitic acid
Used as an emulsifying agent
Also provides slip on the skin
Manganese violet
CI 77742
Manganese mineral pigment
Gives colour to make-up
Manuka honey
Derived from sustainable local bee-keeping / honey producers
Maintains moisture level in the skin as a natural humectant
International recognition for its antimicrobial properties referred to as UMF (Unique Manuka Factor)
Melaleuca alternifolia oil Tea tree oil
Steam distilled from the leaves and flowers of the tea tree
Strong antibacterial and antiseptic properties
Melia azadirachta flower extract
Strong bioactive & therapeutic function
Red mineral colourant from herbal extract
Melia azadirachta seed extract
Strong bioactive & therapeutic function
Red mineral colourant from herbal extract
CI 77019
Muscovite is a common rock forming mineral and is found in sedimentary rocks
Used for its reflective and refractive properties in make-up
Octyldodecyl Stearoyl Stearate
Binding agent for powders
Derived from vegetable source
Olea europea fruit oil
Olive oil
Its composition is close to the natural lipids of the outer surface of the human skin
Contains nutrient beneficial glycerides of essential fatty acids
Used as an emollient and skin conditioning agent

Pelargonium graveolens oil
Geranium oil
Steam distilled from the flowers and leaves
Useful for all skin conditions as it balances sebum and keeps the skin supple
Has antiseptic properties
Persea gratissima oil
Avocado oil
Extracted from the avocado fruit
A nutritious oil containing vitamin D among others and essential fatty acids (linoleic acid) that make it very nourishing, restorative and moisturising
Pyrus Malus seed oil
Apple seed oil
Gives slip and texture to lipsticks
Ricinus communis oil
Castor oil
Extracted from the castor oil plant
Used as an emulsifying carrier agent
Rhus succedanea fruit wax Derived from the fruit of the rhus succedanea tree in Japan (related to the mango and cashew tree)
Provides smooth creamy base with enhanced skin application properties
Sclerotium gum A natural polysaccharide gel base used for its gelling, thickening and hydrating qualities
Simmondsia chinensis seed oil
Jojoba seed oil
Extracted from the seeds of the jojoba plant
This waxy oil by nature is similar to our own sebum
An emollient that helps to lubricate and protect the skin
Sodium PCA Derived from coconut  (L-glutamic acid)
Sodium PCA provides a natural moisture factor to the skin – a natural component of skin that holds moisture in the skin
Its humectant properties are used for the fluid consistency of the foundations
Sorbic acid An organic acid, derived from unripe berries
Antimicrobial properties assists with natural preservation
Stearic Acid A natural waxy fatty acid
Obtained from the hydrogenation of unsaturated vegetable oils
Vegetable squalane
Emollient that softens the skin and minimises small facial wrinkles
Naturally occurs in the skin as a lubrication agent
Derived from olive oil
CI 77718
Magnesium silicate – a natural earth mineral
Talc ensures the best make-up application, colour and product stability
It offers the highest level of skin protection available due to the fact that  without water or penetration enhancing ingredients, it is not able to penetrate the skin
In addition, talc is one of the only powders available that is not hydroscopic (does not absorb moisture)
These factors combined are proven to ensure no talc or external pollutants, are absorbed into the skin
Talc is bound with natural vegetable oils to ensure no air-borne particles are released – for maximum safety
Theobroma grandiflorum seed butter
Cupuacu seed butter
Certified organic
Derived from the cocoa bean
A deeply nourishing emollient
Contains high levels of skin beneficial fatty acids
Tin Oxide Derived naturally from tin oxides
A naturally occurring compound of tin and oxygen found in a range of colours
Gives colour to the make-up
Titanium dioxide
CI 77891
Derived from Titanium, which is extracted from the minerals Rutile and Ilmenite
Used as a white pigment in soaps
It gives the greatest covering and tinting power of any white pigment
A natural sun protectant
Tocopherol (Acetate)
Vitamin E
Derived from soy plants
A potent antioxidant preserving the product and helping to prevent free radical damage on the skin
Vitamin E
Derived from soy plants
A potent antioxidant preserving the product and helping to prevent free radical damage on the skin
Vitis Vinifera seed oil
Grape seed oil
Obtained from pressing grape seeds
High in skin beneficial fatty acid glycerides
Used as a skin conditioning agent and emollient in lipsticks
Zea mays starch
Corn starch
The dried starch powder of the maize grain, known as corn
Gives the skin a fresh, silky and smooth feel
Zinc Stearate Improves the texture of cosmetics  and improves application
Adds a gloss sheen to cosmetics
Zinc oxide
CI 77947
Has soothing and protectant properties
Acts as a broad spectrum UV protectant
Ethical quarry mined natural pigmented mineral